Women in the Jungle

Women in the Jungle

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Panama: for the dignity of indigenous women in resistance The Panamanian government broke its word and authorized the mining and hydroelectric exploitation in its territory. When the Shire is threatened, the Ngäbe-Buglé work together. In February 2012, Ngöbe Bougle indigenous people reacted by taking to the streets. They were eight days of protest. The balance: repression, two deaths under investigation, sexual assaults on women by the police and dozens of injuries. In the long process of resistance, Ngäbe women have demonstrated in the demonstrations and protests on the Tabasará river, in Changuinola, in Panama City, that the defense of life and nature is also a feminine issue. The chief general of the Ngäbe-Buglé people Silvia Carrera has become a symbol of resistance in Panama. She, along with other colleagues, has led with dignity the resistance to lies and the brutal aggression of the Government. This Ngäbe woman, from Alto Laguna, Cerro Pelado district (Ñurum district), has actively participated in the struggle of her people since she was 13 years old.

Colombia: Missing, Threatened and Violated Women February 17 marked the one year anniversary of the disappearance in the department of Valle del Cauca of the environmental engineer Sandra Viviana Cuéllar Gallego, activist and artist, born in Cali 26 years ago. Today it is still not known who the perpetrators of this crime were, which until now has gone unpunished. The Colombian Prosecutor's Office has not given more information about the investigation and its progress. Viviana lacked the protection and security that many other women in her country also need. Like Rosalba Córdoba, an Afro-descendant leader who manages her community's boat in the Cacaricá river basin, a firm defender of human rights, a restless and practical woman, as well as firm when denouncing military and paramilitary operations in her territory. Or like Yahaira Salazar, a young poet also of Afro origin, who knew firsthand what forced displacement means and the lies concocted by the Colombian state around the demobilization of the paramilitaries. Or Emilsen Manyoma, a young mother who, amid the military and paramilitary control consented to by the

The State in Bajo Calima and San Juan opposes drug trafficking, affirming its right to clean production, food sovereignty, and the protection of biodiversity. Luz Marina Cuchumbe, an indigenous woman and mother of six daughters and sons, one of whom was extrajudicially executed and later presented by various mass media as a guerrilla, along with the partner who died next to her and a survivor. They are not isolated cases, but are part of a terrible social reality for women.

Ecuadorian women building Good Living The Assembly of Popular and Diverse Women of Ecuador - AMPDE expressed in January 2012 its voice of rejection at the beginning of any mining activity in the country. As an alternative, they bet on the construction of Buen Vivir as the axis of development. In a manifesto they affirm that "extractivist proposals, far from bringing prosperity for everyone, will be the cause of conflicts, tensions, violence and social division, perpetuating poverty and inequality." It is urgent to move towards a new post-extrativist development model, based on the fulfillment of the rights of nature and sovereignty over our natural resources. They also reject the criminalization of protest suffered by women and men who participate in social organization in their country. Another organization, Mujeres Defensoras de la Pachamama, commemorates March 8 under the slogan "Women of the Americas resisting mining."

Mexico Zoques Chiapas indigenous women for land and communal property In the territorial conflict in the Chimalapas jungle between the Mexican states of Oaxaca and Chiapas, Zoque indigenous women play a fundamental role. Along with other women, María García, president of the Coordination in Defense of the Territory and Natural Resources in the Eastern Zone of Oaxaca, actively participates in the peaceful resistance in the communities of San Antonio and Benito Juárez, against the creation of a Chiapas municipality in its communal territory that belongs to the state of Oaxaca. Zoque women reproach the government of Oaxaca for its disinterest, and demand that it support this protest. It is an agrarian conflict for the possession of 47 thousand hectares of jungles and forests that has confronted zoques with cattle ranchers and loggers from Chiapas for more than 50 years. “Our ancestors bequeathed mother earth; so we have to safeguard it also to inherit it to our children, to our grandchildren, to whom they will come later, ”says the indigenous woman.

Honduras No coups or coups against women! In November 2011, Honduran Feminists in Resistance condemned the massacre of peasants in the Bajo Aguán region. Despite the serious situation for human rights and for women in their country, they publicly denounce that the murders of peasants are attributed to the paramilitary army organized by landowner Miguel Facusse Barjum. This would have attacked the peasants while they were resting and taking care of their lands. They demand that the regime led by Porfirio Lobo Sosa not go unpunished and hold it responsible for the escalation of violations of the human rights of the Honduran people. The rampant impunity reflects the inability to investigate and punish these homicides committed against the people in Resistencia.

Bolivia: Never again violence against indigenous women Four hundred indigenous women representing 34 peoples of the East, Chaco, Amazon and Highlands marched for 65 days in 2011 together with their husbands, daughters and sons, sisters and brothers in defense of their territory threatened by the construction of a road. During the VIII Indigenous March in Defense of the Indigenous Territory and Isiboro Sécure TIPNIS National Park, various attacks against women were carried out on the part of the macho government and authorities, which are duly documented. We highlight the lack of justice to prosecute those responsible for the police repression that occurred on September 25, 2011.

That day a dispersal order came from the March. Approximately 600 policemen surrounded those who were marching, gasified the field they occupied and, violently reducing those who were protesting, were pushed away from their route. Indigenous women were repressed, bound, gagged, beaten. Forced to hide in the mountains, to jump into the river, stripped of their sons and daughters, away from their husbands, deprived of their belongings that were destroyed. But they were brave to raise the defense of their constitutional rights and continue the 602-kilometer walk to the seat of Government where the entire group made their demands heard. Thus they achieved the objective of stopping the construction of the road that would split in two halves. A few months after this achievement that went around the world, the exuberant nature faces a new threat: the Government seeks to reactivate the road project and has begun a judicial persecution against the women leaders of the VIII March and other comrades and fellow defenders of indigenous rights. See report. Women of the Brazilian Landless Movement in struggle for agrarian reform In Brazil, the large landowners monopolize huge tracts of land, while thousands of families do not have access to land. For example, vast areas of cultivation have been usurped to implement eucalyptus monocultures. The Landless Movement fights tirelessly for agrarian reform, denouncing the slowness of the process and carrying out occupations of land, camps and settlements.

This is also the case in the middle of the Atlantic forest, in the state of Bahia. In the Alcobaça-Bahia municipality on the early morning of March 1, 2012, 1,150 peasant women from the MST, from various camps and settlements in the region, occupied the Esperança farm, owned by the Suzano Papel Celulose company. The main objective of the occupation is to denounce the social and environmental destruction caused by the large eucalyptus companies in the region. Expulsion from the countryside, unemployment, poverty and social inequality are the direct consequences. The women ask for a real agrarian reform, greater agility in the process and a greater interest on the part of the authorities. In the state of Bahia there are 23 thousand families camped by the MST, some for 8 years. This is the second occupation in the extreme south of Bahia, and the sixth consecutive year that the women of the MST carry out visible and vindictive actions of peasant women and their problems during March 8, the day of working women.

Save the jungle

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