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What do you know about tomatoes?

What do you know about tomatoes?


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The distribution systems are more advanced and allow immediate availability of farmed products that arrive on time so that, with very little effort, we can acquire them. Obviously, this convenience comes with paying a price for it, which is usually the decrease in flavor. But why does this happen?

Basically it happens that they demand (by wholesalers, large stores, retailers and, in many cases, consumers), products that travel well, hold up smooth and firm for a long time and have the caliber demanded by the consumer (we do not want fruit or vegetables too much big not too small, etc). This has led farmers to demand those varieties that will have more commercial outlet and companies dedicated to seed production and genetic improvement bring new varieties to the market that meet these requirements.

And so. What has happened to the varieties that our grandparents grew and consumed? Well, many of them have disappeared or have been improved to develop those characteristics demanded by the market. Thus, varieties of cereals such as black wheat or fruit such as peaches, vineyard peaches have disappeared to the detriment of others more suited to the times. We have to say that this change has often brought great advantages for farmers who now have varieties, say, better commercialized (for the current system, I would say). It is also true that, in many cases, what has been lost along the way is the flavor. It must be taken into account that the farmer from time immemorial has tried to select and improve the varieties he grew almost always looking for the flavor factor (taking into account that before self-consumption and short distribution channels were what prevailed).

With the current distribution system there are other factors that become even more important, as we have listed before. One product on which this matter is especially discussed is undoubtedly the tomato. Since the Spanish brought it from America until the tomato became popular in Europe, a long time passed (among other things because those primitive tomatoes were considered poisonous). It was not until well into the nineteenth century that the tomato became popular as a food and the varieties that we now know develop.

The situation today is that we have a few hundred varieties of tomatoes although no more than 2 or 3 types are the most consumed and popular. Raf-type tomatoes (marmande, marmalindo, rebellion, etc.), pear-type tomatoes (such as Roma widely used in the industry) and so-called “salad” tomatoes (Rosa, ball, branch, etc). Obviously there are thousands of varieties and a few decades ago in practically every town, adapted varieties of tomato were grown.

But why don't we find (or have difficulty) in finding that idealized tomato? Because often paying a high price does not assure us of consuming a good tomato? What factors influence? We could basically highlight 4 factors:

1) The variety. Obviously not all tomatoes are equally tasty. A San Marzano to make a sauce is not the same as a Bola or a Raf for salad than a Rebellion. Each variety has its characteristics and we must use each of them according to its best application. If we insist on spreading the bread with a stiff tomato salad with hardly any juice then ...

2) Maturation. The tomato is a climacteric fruit (like the banana, the apple, that is, they continue to ripen once cut). Others such as citrus fruits, strawberries, melons and watermelons, once cut, do not advance in maturation. However, the tomato, like all fruits, continues to breathe once cut and the storage and transport conditions can influence a correct ripening that in turn influences the flavor. Obviously if we manage to mature on the plant then ...

3) Seasonality. Although the tomato is a summer crop, the demand for this fruit throughout the year means that specific adapted varieties (family of the raf type) are also grown in winter (usually in less cold areas and in greenhouses). If we take into account that authentic raf is through the roof (their growing conditions are very specific and expensive) and there is also a great fraud calling raf to tomatoes "raf type" well ...

4) Way of cultivation. Each variety has its technique and its optimal conditions in terms of terrain, insolation, shading, etc. A tomato grown by a countryman for his enjoyment, care and pampering in detail is not the same as a tomato plantation for industrial use

In short, we could establish a decalogue to be able to enjoy this delicious fruit.

1) Consume it in season. In summer they are very tasty and cheaper (due to their abundance)

2) Choose the right variety. It is not the same to make gazpacho, than bread with tomato, or salad. Each variety has its characteristics (more or less juice, more or less sugar, thinner or thicker skin, etc.)

3) Drink it up close. It will not have traveled and therefore it will have matured longer in the plant under optimal conditions.

4) Consume it ripe. There is controversy about this, many people like tomatoes that are hard and at the same time ripe ...

5) Preferable in bulk The typical tomato in large surface trays because ...

6) Ecological? We will not get into the controversy of whether they are better or not per se. If you consume organic, you ensure that you do not have synthetic chemicals in your diet.

7) Origin. Ask in your store or greengrocer, be interested in the origin of what you eat, you may find surprises (Holland and Morocco produce a lot of tomato !!)

8) Large area or greengrocer? Although most greengrocers are supplied through large retailers, it is much more likely to find local tomatoes in a greengrocer than in a supermarket. Question!!

9) Conservation To the refrigerator no please !!! 10) Our tomatoes: at EsDeRaíz we try to bring the best tomatoes. We work with Huerta San Martín and his native tomatoes from Madrid, with La Trailla and his “ox heart” and “ugly from Tudela” and with Edemur and his “cherry” and “yellow bulb”. Very interesting are also the Rosa de la Montaña de Fantova by Javier Selva or the natives from Malaga by Cristobal Hevilla. Ah, try growing them yourself… nothing tastes better than what one grows with one's own hands.

It is from Root


Video: How To Grow Tomatoes. Cherry Tomatoes (July 2022).


Comments:

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  3. Ashtaroth

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  4. Laoidhigh

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