Defining The Meaning Of Being Green In The New Millennium

Defining The Meaning Of Being Green In The New Millennium

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By Canberra 2001: Letter from the World Greens (**)


We and We, as citizens of the planet and members of the Greens of the World:

We are united by the awareness that we depend on the vitality, diversity and beauty of the Earth, and that it is our responsibility to pass it on without deterioration to the next generations.

We recognize that the dominant forms of production and consumption are causing extreme deterioration in the environment and a massive extinction of living species and ecosystems because they are based on the dogma of economic growth at any price and on the waste of natural resources without regard the limited carrying capacity of the Earth.

We also know that injustice, racism, poverty, ignorance, corruption, crime, violence, armed conflict and economic speculation are causing extensive human suffering.

We recognize that the countries of the North are primarily responsible for the degradation of global human and environmental dignity, due to the priority given to narrow economic and political objectives.

We remember and understand that many of the peoples and nations of the world have been impoverished by long centuries of colonization and exploitation, creating an ecological debt of the nations of the North towards the impoverished countries.

We are committed to reducing the gap between the poor and the rich, and to building a new citizenship based on equal rights for all people in the spheres of cultural, political, economic and social life.

We recognize that without equality between women and men, there can be no full democracy.

We care about the dignity of humanity and its cultural heritage.

We recognize the rights of indigenous peoples and their valuable contribution to our common heritage, as well as the rights of all minorities and oppressed peoples to their culture, language, religion, and social and economic life.

We affirm that cooperation and not competition is the main requirement to guarantee basic human rights such as: nutritious food, comfortable housing, health, education, labor rights, freedom of expression, clean air, drinking water and an uncontaminated natural environment.

We recognize that the environment ignores borders between countries and is therefore in the common interest of humanity.

In the interest of advancing from the Declaration of the Global Meeting of the Greens in Rio in 1992, we affirm the need for fundamental changes in attitudes, values ​​and ways of producing and living.

We declare that the new millennium is a good time for this transformation.

For all these reasons:

We resolve to promote a comprehensive concept of sustainability that serves to:

  • Protect and restore the integrity of the Earth's ecosystems, with special concern for biodiversity and the natural processes that sustain life.
  • Recognize the interdependence of all economic, social and ecological processes.
    Harmonize freedom with responsibility.
  • Accept diversity within unity.
  • Reconcile short-term goals with long-term goals.
  • Ensure that future generations have the same natural and cultural rights to enjoy life and well-being.
  • We affirm our responsibility to the whole of the people and future generations among us and to the broader community of the living brotherhood.
  • We are committed as green parties and political movements around the world to strengthen these interlocking principles and create global collaboration and solidarity to support their fulfillment.


The Global Greens policies are based on the following principles:

Ecological Wisdom

We consider that human beings are part of the natural world and, therefore, we respect and care for the specific values ​​of all forms of life.

We appreciate the wisdom of the world's indigenous peoples, as guardians of the earth and its precious resources.

We recognize that human society depends on the ecological resources of the planet, and therefore we must ensure the integrity of ecosystems, and preserve biodiversity, health and the regenerative capacity of life support systems.

To achieve all this, it is required:

that we learn to live within the ecological limits of the planet
That we protect plant and animal life, and life itself that is sustained by the soil, water, air and the sun.
That where knowledge is limited or uncertain, we take the path of precaution in order to ensure the sufficiency of the planet's resources for the present and future generations.

Social justice

We affirm that the key to social justice is the equitable distribution of social and natural resources, locally and globally, in order to ensure the satisfaction of basic human needs and so that all people have full opportunities for their personal and social development.

We declare that there can be no social justice without ecological justice, nor ecological justice without social justice.

Therefore, you need:

  • A just and stabilized organization of the world economy to close the growing gaps between rich and poor, between countries and within each country; a balance of the flow of resources from the South to the North; the lifting of the debt burden on poor countries to promote their self-development.
  • The eradication of poverty, as an ethical, social, economic and ecological imperative.
  • The elimination of illiteracy.
  • A new vision of citizenship based on equal rights for all individuals regardless of their specific conditions of gender, race, age, religion, class, national or ethnic origin, sexual orientation, disability or health.

Participatory democracy
We are committed to a democracy in which all people have the right to express their opinions and participate in political, social, economic and environmental decisions that affect their lives, in such a way that power and responsibility can be concentrated in the communities local and regional, and may be a delegated power only when essential to higher levels of government.

This will require:

  • Access to all relevant and necessary information for decision-making, and access to an education that enables all people to participate.
  • Break the inequalities of wealth and power that inhibit participation.
  • Building participatory institutions at the appropriate level: by affected people who enable direct decision-making based on systems that promote civic vitality, voluntary action, and community responsibility.
  • Strong support for the involvement of young people in every facet of political life, including their participation in all decision-making spheres.
  • Commitment of all people elected to public office is with the principles of transparency, honesty and subsidiarity.
  • Transparent and democratic electoral systems according to law.
  • Electoral systems that guarantee an equal vote for each adult.
  • Electoral systems based on proportional representation.
  • All elections must be publicly funded with strict limits and full transparency on private and corporate donations.
  • Right of all people to be a member of a political party of their choice in a multi-party system.


We believe that security should not rest primarily on military force but on cooperation, economic and social development, ecological security and respect for human rights.All of this will require:

  • A comprehensive concept of global security that prioritizes the ecological, social, economic, psychological and cultural aspects of the conflict, rather than a concept based exclusively on military balances of power.
  • A global security system trained for the prevention, management and resolution of conflicts.
  • An elimination of the causes of war by understanding and respecting other cultures, the fight against racism, the promotion of freedom and democracy, and the reduction of poverty.
  • Complete and general disarmament that includes new international agreements to ensure a definitive ban on nuclear, biological and chemical weapons, personal mines, and depleted uranium weapons.
  • Strengthening the United Nations as the global peacekeeping and conflict management organization.
  • A strict code of conduct on the export of arms to countries where human rights are violated.

The sustainability

We recognize the restrictions on the possibilities of material expansion of human society within the limited biosphere of which we are a part.

We recognize the need to conserve and care for biodiversity through sustainable use that guarantees the replacement of renewable resources and a responsible and sustainable use of non-renewable resources.

We believe that in order to achieve sustainability, and satisfy the needs of the present and future generations within the finite possibilities of the Earth, the current trend of continuous growth in consumption, population and material inequality must be stopped through changes. progressive.

We recognize that sustainability will not be possible as long as poverty persists.

All of this will require:

  • Let the high consumptions of the rich be limited, to allow the poor to have a fair and sufficient share of the Earth's resources.
  • Redefine the concept of wealth linked exclusively to material objects or money, and reorient it towards quality and enjoyment of life instead of directing it towards spending capacity.
  • Create a world economy that aims to meet the needs of all people and not the greed of a few.
  • Eliminating the causes of population growth through economic security, access to education and health, and giving women and men greater control over their fertility.
  • Redefinition of the roles and responsibilities of multinational companies to support the principles of sustainability.
  • Develop taxation and regulation mechanisms on world speculative financial flows.
  • Ensure that local and global market prices incorporate the environmental costs of the entire cycle of its production and consumption.
  • Achieve greater energy efficiency in the use of resources with the development and use of sustainable technologies.
  • Encourage local self-sufficiency to the maximum to create communities with identity, meaning and cohesion ties.
  • Recognize the fundamental role of youth culture and foster an ethic of sustainability within youth subcultures.

Respect for Diversity

We encourage the construction of respectful and responsible relationships that overcome divisions in the spirit of multicultural societies.
This will require:

  • Recognition of the rights of indigenous peoples over their basic resources for cultural and economic survival, which includes rights to land and self-determination.
  • Their contribution to the collective heritage of our common culture must also be recognized.
  • The recognition of the rights of ethnic minorities to develop their cultures, languages ​​and religions without discrimination and with full cultural and social participation in democratic processes.
  • Recognition and respect of sexual minorities.
  • Equality between women and men in all spheres of life: social, economic, cultural and political.
  • Significant involvement of youth cultures as a valuable contribution to our green vision, and as a recognition that young people have their own distinct needs with diverse modes of expression.

Political action

1 Democracy

1.0 Most of the world's population lives in countries with undemocratic regimes where corruption is widespread and where the violation of human rights and press censorship are the common rule. Developed democracies suffer from less apparent forms of corruption such as concentration of control of the media, corporate political funding, systematic exclusion of racial, ethnic, national and religious communities, and electoral systems that discriminate against alternative ideas and parties. small and new.

The Greens:

1.1 Our priority is to promote social movements and other civil society organizations that work in favor of transparent, accountable and democratic forms of government.

1.2 We actively support the role of young people through education, support and encouragement to their participation in all aspects of political action.

1.4 We defend the immediate approval by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) of the Convention against bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Trade.

1.5 We defend the right of citizens to access official information and free and independent media.

1.6 We will work for universal access to electronic communications and computing, at a minimum, radio, community-based internet and email. Also, we will work in favor of making these technologies cheaper.

1.7 We will defend a fair and secular legal system that ensures the right to defense and that practices proportionality between crime and penalties.

1.8 We will support public funding of elections, and ensuring that all donations, when permitted, are fully transparent, with a limit on donations from individuals and businesses.

1.9 We will challenge the domination of government by big business, especially when citizens are deprived of their right to participate in politics.

1.10 We will support the separation of powers between the judicial, executive and legislative systems, and the separation between religion and the state.

1.11 We will support the development and strengthening of municipal and local governments.

1.12 We will support the restructuring of state institutions to make them more democratic, transparent and efficient with the objective of citizen power and sustainability.


2.0 The differences in standards of living and opportunities in the world today are intolerable. The debt of the countries of the South reaches its historical maximum of 2.5 trillion dollars, while the OECD countries give 0.23% of their GNP in aid. The richest 20% of the world population has 80% of the income while 1,200 million people live in extreme poverty (with less than 180 pesetas a day). 125 million children never go to school and 880 million can neither read nor write & ndash; two-thirds of whom are women (60% of whom are poor). Population growth has slowed but is still expected to increase by 2-3 million people by 2050. AIDS and tuberculosis infections are increasing.The Greens: 2.1 We will work to increase public aid to countries of the South and Support targeting the poorest, with priorities determined by the work of local communities.

2.2 We will work to improve the rights, status, education and participation of women.

2.3 We will work in favor of canceling the external debt, especially for the poorest countries, and we will support the use of incentives to ensure that debt relief has an impact on poverty reduction and environmental conservation, and that transparent and Democratic institutions allow the participation of affected communities. 2.4 Recognize the right to compensation of people who lose access to their natural resources due to displacement due to environmental destruction, or due to colonialism, or forced migration.

2.4 We will evaluate the relationship between the exclusive possession of property and the exclusive use of its resources, in order to stop environmental abuses and to guarantee basic needs for all, especially indigenous communities.

2.5 We are committed to the goal of achieving universal high-quality primary education by 2015, financed by debt forgiveness and foreign aid.

2.6 We will work so that all people can achieve financial security without resorting to personally harmful activities such as pornography, prostitution or the sale of organs.

2.7 We commit ourselves to work for a more equal distribution of social coverage and the creation of equal opportunities within our societies, recognizing the growing number of people living in poverty and marginalization.

2.8 We will defend the human, social and environmental rights of people of color.

3 Climate Change and Energy

3.0 Nine of the 10 warmest years in recorded history were in the 1990s. The level of CO2 in the atmosphere is the highest in the last 15 million years. The frequency of climatic disasters is increasing, resulting in the death of thousands and the displacement of millions. The bleaching and death of coral reefs that began in 1998 will continue for the next 20 years.
Scientists from the Inter-Governmental Panel on Climate Change affirm that the greenhouse effect is real and that human action is a substantial factor in climate change. The Earth is expected to warm 1 to 5 degrees during this century and that sea level rise has already begun.

Climate catastrophe lurks if we don't act now.

The Greens:

3.1 We adopt the goal of limiting CO2 emissions into the atmosphere to 450 ppm in the shortest period as requested by the scientific community. Northern countries must not only comply with the Kyoto protocol (-5.2% from 1990 levels in 2010 globally, -8% for the EU, -6% for the US) which is a step in the right direction but terribly insufficient, but to achieve a reduction of between 20% and 30% before 2020 to achieve the goal of a reduction of 70% to 90% before the end of the century. In addition, action must be taken to reduce emissions of other greenhouse gases.

3.2 We request the entry into force of the Kyoto Protocol and insist that the implementation rules must ensure true reductions of industrial sources in the Northern countries, including a system of penalties in the event of non-compliance.

3.3 We will work to establish an international framework for the control of emissions from multinational companies, linked to a global eco-tax and to a control of global environmental burdens.

3.4 We will strive so that the countries of the South have access to the most efficient, sustainable and appropriate technology, with a special orientation towards renewable energies and towards international agreements on climate change. The principle of equity must be at the heart of negotiations on climate change.

3.5 We will oppose any expansion of nuclear power and work for its progressive and rapid phase-out. 3.6 We will support a call for a moratorium on new exploration and development of fossil fuels.

3.7 We will oppose the cutting down and destruction of spring forests, as they are the most carbon-rich ecosystems on the planet, vital to indigenous peoples, rich in biodiversity and irreplaceable on the human timescale.

3.8 We will promote the planting of diverse but not monoculture spice trees, as a short-term measure to create CO2 sinks, with other benefits for the environment. 3.9 We will promote ecological taxation on non-renewable energy and the allocation of funds to energy efficiency and renewable energies.

3.10 We will support research on sustainable energy sources and the development of green electricity production.

3.11 We will promote efficient energy technologies and green energy infrastructures, both between and within countries and economies, reducing costs to a minimum. It should be considered a cost for the countries of the North to offset their historical emissions.

4 Biodiversity

4.0 Healthy ecosystems are essential for human life; however, we have forgotten the relationship between nature and society. Extinction rates are 100 to 1000 times higher than in pre-human times. Only a fifth of the original forests remain relatively intact. 60% of the fishing grounds are in danger due to intensive fishing. Invasions of foreign plants, animals and diseases are spreading rapidly. The destruction of habitats and the extinction of species is caused by the same industrial and agricultural development that also worsens climate change, inequality and the destruction of indigenous cultures and economies. Agricultural monocultures promoted by agribusiness and accelerated by genetic manipulation, and the patents of nature, threaten the diversity of native plant and animal species, radically increasing their vulnerability to pests and disease.

The Greens:

4.1 We will oppose destructive industrial industrial and agricultural development with all our energy, and we will strive to protect native species in their natural habitats.

4.2 We will work against public subsidization of environmentally destructive activities such as the logging industry, fossil fuel and mineral extraction, genetic manipulation and agricultural monocultures.

4.3 We will promote green purchasing policies for products such as wood, based only on strict sustainability criteria supported by credible labeling.

4.4 We will support the concept of the "debt for nature" swap, always with the agreement of the affected local communities. 4.5 We will promote the recovery of degraded ecosystems and the cleaning of contaminated industrial and military zones. 4.6 We realize that the reduction of freight transport worldwide, with a preference for local products when possible, will have the added benefit of reducing "bio-invasions" and reducing the consumption of fossil fuels that contribute to climate change.

4.7 We are committed to developing a global ecology curriculum for all levels of education 4.8 We will work to establish an International Court of Justice for ecological crimes and on the loss of biodiversity where cases are tried against multinationals, states and individuals.

4.9 We will reject the patenting and commodification of life.

Governing economic globalization with principles of sustainability

5.0 Fifty of the world's largest economies are multinational. A legal system has been created that places untethered economic activity above the public good, protects the well-being of multinationals but attacks social well-being, and turns national economies into subordinates of the global financial casino that exchanges 1.3 trillion dollars in speculative transactions every day. However, the situation may be changing. The Multilateral Investment Agreement has been defeated. In northern countries financial institutions can only meet under site conditions. The reputation of the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund is in tatters.

The Greens:

5.1 We affirm that basic necessities of life, such as water, must remain public property; and that culture, basic access to food, public and social health, education, and free media are not "commodities" subject to international trade agreements.

5.2 We will support the creation of a World Environment Organization, merging the United Nations Environment Program, the United Nations Development Program and the Global Environment Agency into a single organization to promote global sustainable development. The World Trade Organization must be subject to the decisions of this body.

5.3 We will support the abolition of the World Bank and the IMF without reform, so that members and decision-making processes follow principles of democracy and sustainability, and that they are under the mandates of all international conventions on human and labor rights and ecological protection .

5.4 We will support the abolition of the WTO if it is reformed, in the sense of making sustainability its central objective and supported by democratic and transparent processes, and the participation of affected communities. In addition, there must be a separation of powers so that the dispute settlement mechanism is not the exclusive competence of the WTO. An impact assessment on the sustainability of previous Negotiating Rounds is required before further steps are taken.5.5 We will work to prevent the new regional or hemispheric trade and investment agreements from being carried out under the mandate of the WTO (such as the proposed Free Trade Agreement of the Americas (FTAA)), but we will support the integration processes of countries that ensure the well-being of the peoples and the preservation of the environment.

5.6 We will create a global environment to which financial and economic institutions and organizations should provide funds, and protect environmentally friendly projects that support communities at all levels (local, regional, national and international).

5.7 We will demand that international agreements on environment, working conditions and health take precedence over any kind of international trade rules 5.8 We will work to carry out the Tobin-Henderson tax and other instruments to contain capital transactions international speculative, and we will help to promote the promotion of investments in the real economy, and to create funds to promote equity in global development.

5.9 We will work to require corporations to abide by the environmental, labor and social laws of their own country and the country with which they operate, in any case, those that are stricter.

5.10 We will work to ensure that all global organizations, especially those with significant capacity to define the rules of international trade, adhere firmly to the principles of sustainable development and undertake a training program for cultural change and for the full realization of that. target.

5.11 We want corporate welfare to be made transparent and subject to the same level of responsibility as social welfare, to subsidize environmentally friendly activities and to totally rule out socially destructive ones.

5.12 We endorse the development of civic entrepreneurship to promote a community based on an economy conceived as a way to combat social exclusion caused by economic globalization.

6 Human rights

6.0 The denial of human rights and freedoms goes hand in hand with poverty and political ineffectiveness. Millions of people suffer discrimination, intimidation, arbitrary detention, violence and death. Three out of four governments have used torture in the last three years.

The Greens:

6.1 We approve the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, the International Labor Organization (ILO), conventions, and other international instruments for the protection of rights and freedoms. We believe that these rights are universal and indivisible, and that national governments are responsible for their safeguarding.

6.2 We condemn all dictatorships and regimes that deny human rights, regardless of political demands.

6.3 We will work with local communities to promote human rights awareness, and to ensure that the UN Commission on Human Rights and the other contents of the treaty are adequately resourced.

6.4 We will require that the Universal Declaration of Human Rights be amended to include the rights to a healthy natural environment and intergenerational rights to natural and cultural resources.

6.5 We will support the right of women to make their own decisions, including the control of their fertility by whatever means they deem appropriate free from discrimination or coercion, and we will work towards the ratification of the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women. Women (CEDAW), to remove reservations, and to enforce the Optional Protocol.

6.6 We defend the right of indigenous peoples to self-determination, to rights over the territory, and access to traditional hunting and the rights to fishing for their own subsistence, using humane and ecologically sustainable techniques; and we will support movements of indigenous peoples to establish and work through their own international organizations.

6.7 We will require immediate adoption of the 1993 Draft Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples as the minimum standard of protection accepted by indigenous peoples, and we support indigenous peoples' movements to establish and work through their own international organizations.

6.8 We demand that torturers face their responsibilities, and we will campaign to bring them to justice, in their own countries or elsewhere, before an international jury of judges acting under the auspices of the International Court of Justice

6.9 Nos opondremos a cualquier violación de la integridad física del individuo por las torturas, los castigo o cualquier otra práctica, incluyendo las mutilaciones de carácter tradicional y religioso.

6.10 Exigiremos que la pena de muerte sea abolida en todo el mundo.6.11 Requeriremos a los gobiernos para asegurar que todo demandante de asilo, bien por ser víctima de la violencia estatal o de los grupos armados independientes, sea tratado correctamente según la Convención de Ginebra sobre los Derechos al Asilo de 1951; que tengan acceso a procesos justos; que no sean detenidos arbitrariamente; y que no sean devueltos al país donde podrían sufrir las violaciones de sus derechos humanos fundamentales, o encarar el riesgo de muerte, tortura, u otro tratamiento inhumano.

6.12 Exigiremos la prohibición de la expulsión colectiva.

6.13 Sostendremos el derecho de todos los trabajadores a la seguridad, a un empleo convenientemente retribuido, y a la libertad para sindicarse.

6.14 Apoyaremos el derecho de los niños a desarrollarse libres de la necesidad de trabajar, y el establecimiento de una edad límite inferior para el inicio de la vida laboral de niños y adolescente.

6.15 Denunciaremos la criminalización de la que es objeto la homosexualidad, y apoyaremos el derecho de las personas gays y lesbianas a su estilo de vida, y la igualdad de derechos para las relaciones homosexuales.

6.16 Trabajaremos para mejorar las oportunidades de las personas discapacitadas para vivir y trabajar en condiciones de igualdad en la sociedad, incluyendo una verdadera participación política.

6.17 Apoyaremos el derecho de las minorías lingüísticas a usar su propio idioma.

7. La alimentación y el agua

7.1 Cientos de millones de personas sufren desnutrición, no porque no haya alimento suficiente sino a causa del acceso desigual a la tierra, al agua, a los créditos y a los mercados. Los organismos genéticamente modificados (GMOS) no son la solución, porque el problema inmediato no es la producción sino la distribución. Además, los GMOS suponen riesgos inaceptables para el medio ambiente, para los pequeños campesinos independientes, y para los consumidores, así como también para la diversidad biológica que es nuestro mejor seguro contra el desastre agrícola. La escasez de agua se produce, en ambos sistemas, en superficie y en las conducciones de agua de las capas freáticas subterráneas. La deforestación de las cuencas adquiere un protagonismo devastador en los corrimientos de tierras e inundaciones, mientras la desertificación y la degradación se extienden rápidamente. Un motivo para el optimismo sería el rápido crecimiento de agricultura orgánica.

Los Verdes:

7.1 Consideramos que el acceso a la agua limpia para cubrir las necesidades básicas es un derecho fundamental, y nos oponemos a la privatización de las infraestructuras y recursos de agua.

7.2 Trabajaremos para eliminar las subvenciones al consumo de agua, a excepción de las que tengan carácter social, y para hacer que los usos del agua sean más eficientes.

7.3 Trabajaremos para asegurar que el agua pura y los recursos subterráneos de agua se conserven en calidad y cantidad, y para que sea ponderadamente valorada y pueda asegurar que los recursos se protegen adecuadamente del agotamiento

7.4 Consideramos que la estabilidad de las cuencas de recepción y la salud de los sistemas fluviales es crucial, y trabajaremos con las gentes directamente afectadas para frenar la degradación de los ríos, incluyendo los grandes proyectos de presas, de irrigación y de deforestación de las cuencas de recepción.

7.5 Trabajaremos con las comunidades locales en las regiones áridas y semiáridas, donde el clima está bajo el dominio de la incertidumbre, para reducir degradación del suelo.

7.6 Expresaremos nuestro interés para con los países que han sido fuertemente golpeados por la desertificación y la deforestación, y pediremos que los países que no lo hayan hecho aún ratifiquen la Convención de la ONU sobre la desertificación, y pondremos los recursos disponibles necesarios para poner en actividad esta Convención.

7.7 Apoyaremos y promocionaremos la agricultura ecológica.

7.8 Pediremos una moratoria internacional para la comercialización de las cosechas de organismos genéticamente modificados de por lo menos 5 años, pendientes de investigación y debate, y por el establecimiento de sistemas reguladores que incluyan la responsabilidad civil de las compañías por los posibles efectos adversos producidos por estos organismos.

7.9 Trabajaremos a favor de la seguridad alimentaria, por medio de normas estrictas sobre la producción, el almacenaje y la venta.

7.10 Trabajaremos para asegurar que la investigación científica se realice de acuerdo a criterios éticos y que se aplique el principio de precaución.

7.11 Requeriremos la eliminación de todos los productos químicos persistentes y bioacumulativos fabricados por el hombre, y trabajaremos para eliminar todos los restos de productos químicos peligrosos del medio ambiente.

7.12 Trabajaremos para asegurar la prohibición de las hormonas animales de crecimiento, y para que se impongan regulaciones estrictas que controlen el uso de antibióticos en los animales.

8. La planificación sostenible

8.0 El consumo en los países industrializados es excesivo en todos sus parámetros, y en su mayor parte es responsable del declive medioambiental. La gente en los países occidentales usa 9 veces más papel que la gente en el Sur, y tiene 100 veces más automóviles per cápita que la gente en la China o en la India, por ejemplo.
El cambio hacia una economía verde – que imita los procesos ecológicos, elimina los residuos por reutilización y reciclado de los materiales, y que pone el énfasis en las actividades que mejoran la calidad de vida y las relaciones humanas más que en el consumo de mercancías, promete nuevos puestos de trabajo, industrias con menos contaminación, mejores entornos laborales y una mayor calidad de vida.

Los Verdes:

8.1 Los índices de medición del bienestar más que los basados en el PIB para medir el progreso.

8.2 Consideramos que los ciudadanos de los países afectados por un proyecto de desarrollo tienen el derecho a participar en las decisiones que se tomen al respecto, sin que para ello sea un impedimento las fronteras nacionales.

8.3 Trabajaremos para asegurar que los que obtienen ganancias por la explotación de recursos comunes y/o naturales, paguen el precio total de mercado por el alquiler del uso de esos recursos naturales, y por cualquier daño que hagan a cualquier a de los otros recursos comunes.

8.4 Reconocemos que el impacto de crecimiento urbano continuo (la expansión) a costa de la tierra agrícola y el medio ambiente natural debe limitarse y finalmente paralizarse8.5 Reconocemos que el proceso de conurbación debido a la pobreza rural debe ralentizarse y revertirse mediante programas apropiados de desarrollo rural que reconozcan el concepto de los límites del crecimiento y protejan el carácter y el valor ecológico del paisaje rural.

8.6 Apoyaremos la planificación local para la promoción ecológicamente sostenible de la actividad económica, la vivienda, el transporte, la gestión de residuos, los parques, los bosques urbanos, los espacios públicos; y estableceremos los nexos entre los Verdes al nivel local y regional alrededor del planeta para el intercambio de apoyo e información.

8.7 Trabajaremos para reducir la contaminación provocada por los vehículos oponiéndonos a las autopistas en expansión permanente; alentaremos al uso de vehículos energéticamente eficientes; integrando en la planificación territorial el transporte público, el transporte en bicicleta y el peatonal. Priorizaremos la planificación y la financiación del transporte público frente al transporte privado de automóviles.; y eliminando políticas impositivas que favorecen el uso del automóvil.

8.8 Trabajaremos para crear estrategias económicas socialmente responsables, utilizando los impuestos y la financiación pública para aumentar al máximo los incentivos para la distribución justa de la riqueza, y las ecotasas para crear incentivos para evitar los residuos y la contaminación.

8.9 Demandaremos que las corporaciones y las comunidades reduzcan, reutilicen y reciclen sus residuos, apuntando hacia una economía de residuo cero que imite los procesos de los ecosistemas naturales.

8.10 Apoyaremos todas las políticas que permitan a los países aumentar la creación de puestos de trabajo mediante actividades económicas que agregan valor añadido, o mediante el reciclaje de los residuos, la producción de mercancías duraderas, la agricultura orgánica, las energías renovables y la protección ambiental.

8.11 Promocionaremos la inversión socialmente responsable y la comercialización ecológica para que los consumidores puedan hacer elecciones positivas basadas en información fiable.8.12 Reconoceremos el valor de los conocimientos y las creencias tradicionales y locales, y apoyaremos su incorporación a la planificación y a los proyectos.

9. La paz y seguridad

9.0 Están cambiando las causas de los conflictos. Las distinciones entre la guerra, el crímen organizado y los abusos deliberados y a gran escala de los derechos humanos, están llegando cada vez a ser más borrosas; y crece el comercio de armas, globalizandose, nutriéndose de la única excepción que hace la WTO con respecto a su reglamentación contra los subsidios al comercio. Como red global, tenemos un papel vital que jugar en el fortalecimiento de los nexos entre la comunidad de organizaciones que están trabajando en pro de los derechos humanos y la paz, y apoyando y formando las instituciones y conceptos emergentes de gobernación global.

Los Verdes:

9.1 Apoyamos el fortalecimiento del papel del ONU como una organización mundial de gestión de conflictos y salvaguarda de la paz, mientras, consideramos que donde la prevención fracase y en situaciones de violaciones estructurales y masivas de los derechos humanos y/o genocidio, el uso de fuerza puede justificarse si es el único medio de prevenir sufrimiento adicional y las violaciones de los derechos humanos, con tal que se use bajo el mandato de la ONU. Sin embargo, cada país tiene el derecho de apoyar o no colaborar con la acción.

9.2 Lucharemos para dar mayor poder en la ONU a los países del Sur, y trabajaremos para abolir el derecho de veto potenciando el Consejo de Seguridad, eliminando la categoría de miembro permanente y aumentando el número de estados miembros.

9.3Apoyaremos el propuesto Tribunal Penal. En el apartado de los crímenes de guerra, deberá incluirse la violación masiva como crimen de guerra.

9.4 Ambicionamos reducir el poder del complejo financiero industrial–militar, a fin de reducir radicalmente el comercio de armamentos, asegurar diafanidad de la fabricación y eliminar las subvenciones ocultas que benefician a las industrias militares.

9.5 Trabajaremos para regular y reducir, a largo plazo eliminar, el comercio internacional de armas (incluyendo la prohibición de las armas nucleares, biológicas y químicas, las de uranio empobrecido y de las minas antipersonales) y llevaremos este tema dentro del ámbito de las Naciones Unidas.

9.6 Ayudaremos a fortalecer los programes de paz existentes y forjaremos nuevos programas que se dirijan a fomentar todos los aspectos que contribuyan a construir una cultura de paz. Los programas incluirán análisis de las raíces de la violencia, incluyendo violencia en el interior de la familia, y el respeto mutuo entre géneros; y el apoyo al aprendizaje de la resolución no violenta de conflictos a todos los niveles.

9.7 Procuraremos la creación de una corte internacional de justicia sobre crímenes ambientales en tiempos de conflicto.

9.8 Buscaremos enmendar las reglas internacionales de los compromisos militares para asegurar que los recursos naturales se protegen adecuadamente durante los conflictos.

9.9 Pelearemos contra el Proyecto de Defensa Estratégica de los EEUU, y trabajaremos por la desmilitarización y la desnuclearización del espacio.

Actuando globalmente

10.0 Los verdes de todo el Mundo somos organizaciones independientes, de culturas y antecedentes diversos y compartimos un propósito común, reconocemos que para lograrlo, debemos actuar globalmente así como también localmente.

Los Verdes:

10.1 Trabajaremos en colaboración para hacer realidad la Carta de los Verdes del Mundo llevando a cabo acciones conjuntas sobre asuntos de consecuencias globales allí donde sea preciso.

10.2 Apoyaremos el desarrollo de partidos Verdes, movimientos políticos y redes de jóvenes alrededor de todo el mundo.

10.3 Ayudaremos, cuando nos lo soliciten, a otros partidos Verdes y movimientos, por medio de:- Envío de observadores a elecciones para ayudar a asegurar que son libres y justas;- Alentar a los votantes a implicarse y a votar verde en sus propios países.

10.4 Adoptaremos y pondremos en práctica en nuestras propias organizaciones los principios democráticos que deseamos para toda la sociedad

10.5 Actuaremos como un modelo de democracia participativa a todos los niveles en el seno de nuestra propia organización.

10.6 Fomentaremos la cooperación entre los partidos Verdes del Mundo para asegurar que los partidos miembros sean consultados, educados y tengan la capacidad, en un marco de igualdad, para influir en los posicionamientos mundiales de los Verdes.

10.7Animaremos a los Partidos Verdes a mostrar su liderazgo en el establecimiento de políticas que garanticen la transparencia y la descentralización de las estructuras, a fin de ue las oportunidades y el poder político se haga extensivo a todos los miembros; y en el desarrollo de nuevos modelos políticos mejores para enfrentar los desafíos del desarrollo sostenible y la democracia de base.10.8 Evitaremos fuentes de financiación que estén en conflicto con nuestra visión del mundo y nuestros valores.

10.9 Evitaremos la cooperación con dictaduras, sectas, o organizaciones criminales y con las organizaciones que dependan de ellas, particularmente en materias relativas a la democracia y los derechos humanos.

10.10 Fortaleceremos nuestros nexos con la comunidad de organizaciones que participan de nuestros mismos criterios, y con las organizaciones de la sociedad civil tales como las que se movilizaron en Seattle; nosotros somos parte de ellos, de la conciencia creciente de respeto al medio ambiente, a los derechos sociales y humanos y a la democracia, que tiene que predominar sobre los criterios económicos de organización del mundo.

10.11 Nos apoyaremos unos a otros personal y políticamente con amistad, optimismo y buen humor, sin olvidarnos nosotros mismos de disfrutar en el proceso!


Canberra, 2001

(*) Carta de Los Verdes Gobales de 80 paises

(**)LOS VERDES MUNDIALES es la red internacional de los partidos y movimientos verdes políticos en el mundo

Video: Italian and German Unification: Crash Course European History #27 (July 2022).


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