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By Bruce Katz and René Silva
Crimes Against Humanity for Economic Reasons
Globalization and the Candidness of the Scholar
By Bruce Katz and René Silva *
The article that we disseminate is part of the international campaign to achieve the definition of economic crime, under certain assumptions, as a crime against humanity. "The economic segregation to which these social groups are subjected has only one name: criminal persecution. This crime can be punished in Canada and that is why the CCCCH asks the citizens of the world to hand over the tool to persecute these criminals and that they sign the CCCCH petition. Since if specific and clearly identifiable groups of our society are victims of persecution motivated by purely economic reasons, those responsible for those persecutions must be liable for their actions, because by virtue of Section 7, article 3.76 of the Canadian Criminal Code, persecution is a crime against humanity "
Sign the CCCCH petition:
CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY FOR ECONOMIC REASONS
GLOBALIZATION AND THE CANDIDITY OF THE ACADEMIC
By Bruce Katz and René Silva: Chairman and Director, respectively, of the Canadian Committee to Combat Crimes Against Humanity (CCCCH).
The document refutes, point by point, the simplistic arguments advanced in favor of globalization by Johan Norberg and Roger Bate in an article published by the Inter-American Economic Press Agency. The authors, president and director of the Canadian Committee to Combat Crimes Against Humanity (CCCCH) estimate that when "academics" paid by large companies are free to "shape" public opinion with a simplistic analysis of the complex economic reality that surrounds us, in
In such a lighthearted and superficial way as Norberg and Bate do, they not only demonstrate the naivete of the academic, but, by tacitly denying the millions of people killed by the application of an unequal economic model, they commit an abject act of lese majesty and they make accomplices of a crime against humanity.
IT IS laughable to observe how a handful of dollars in the pocket of an academic makes him observe the "good" reality to the detriment of the complex reality and leads him to conclude macroeconomic analyzes that are at the level of an amateur. This is the case of Johan Norberg and Roger Bate, academic at the Timbro Institute in Sweden and director of the International Policy Network in London respectively, of whom the Inter-American Agency for Economic Journalism published an article last June entitled "Protesters against free trade ignore reality " (one)
From the outset and without saying water goes, the authors serve us the following introduction that reveals the fingerprints of the document: "The young anti-capitalists and the old socialists who shout slogans and throw stones every time there is an international economic conference tend to get the media to communication partners pay more attention to them than to what happens in formal discussions. "
In the first place the "young anti-capitalists and the old socialists" have been branded by the international press as "anarchic groups", but it is surprising to observe that the anarchic sayings are so well organized that in Seattle, Prague, Quebec and lately in Genoa they have forced the police forces not only to hide behind steel walls, but also to confront them with firearms. When one wonders who these individuals are, the general pattern that emerges is that they are groups and individuals from the most avant-garde segments of society and that they have very clear ideas about the power that multinational corporations - and large banks - have over society. world economy, entities that fight as fiercely for a "free market" as against freedom of ideas.
Among them we also find missionary groups, both Catholic and Protestant, charitable groups and lay volunteers grouped in the Lilliput Network whose demands include the cancellation of the foreign debt, a transparent international banking, and the rejection of genetic manipulation, all claims that have solid foundations. To say so simply that they are young anti-capitalists and socialists or anarchists is to testify to an intellectual reductionism to the level of someone standing on the ground.
Andromeda galaxy gawking at the expansion of the Universe. In other words, not knowing where you are standing. (2)
Second, if we understand the discourse of the academics well, the "formal discussions" are the meetings of the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the economic meetings of the G8 or those of the private clubs in Davos or Bildeberger. Obviously clean meetings, held on thick mats, with shots of whiskey, good cigars, and pleasant company in a controversial aseptic setting. What we do not understand is why these meetings are held behind closed doors, but what we do understand is that the conclusions of these aseptic meetings affect us all and yet, according to Norberg and Bates, the "all" cannot say anything about it. . Curious the position on "reality" that these academics have!
Take the case of a "formal discussion" at the International Monetary Fund (IMF).
In June 2000, the Canadian Committee to Combat Crimes Against Humanity (CCCCH) issued a press release revealing a series of documents obtained by the Halifax Initiative, a national coalition of non-governmental organizations in Canada, obtained pursuant to the Access to Information Law. The content of the documents was cited in the December 1999 "Economic Justice Report," a publication of the Toronto-based Ecumenical Coalition for Economic Justice.
The documents teach that the IMF sends a team of economists annually to assess the economic performance of each of its members, and these missions are known as "Article IV consultations" (referring to Article IV of the IMF agreement). The IMF Article IV declaration to Canada's Finance Minister Paul Martin in December 1994 contained a detailed plan, essentially the embryo of the federal budget presented by this minister in 1995 to the Canadian Parliament. The plan reflects the IMF's obsession with budget cuts and begins by advising the Minister of Finance "... consolidate the federal position ... (?) Cutting public spending ... [and] ... that fiscal policy take
leadership. "In February 1995 Paul Martin announced budget cuts, staggered over a three-year period, amounting to $ 29 billion in exactly the areas specified by the IMF (3).
Interestingly, the IMF's "formal discussion" with respect to Canada maintained a grave silence regarding financial transactions and did not advise Minister Paul Martin to apply a tax to these transactions, the so-called Tobin tax. Could it have been because Paul Martin is too powerful and that such a suggestion would have affected his sources of income? In Canada, the holders of a public position must declare, in a public document, their assets, in accordance with the Code of Conflicts of
Interest and Employment (Conflict of Interest and Post Employment Code for public Office Holders). The revelations of Canada's Chancellor of the Exchequer Paul Martin are astonishing. (4)
And it was this same individual, whose empire extends from shipbuilding to a fleet of ships that belongs to 100%, passing through the occasional investment company, who applied the budget cuts, directly out of a "formal discussion" , which affected well-defined groups in Canadian society, the most fragile population, the elderly, the sick and children. "Mom," one of them said, "I'm hungry", according to an article in the newspaper Le Soleil of the province of Quebec (quoted by Katia Gagnon, "Être pauvre au Québec. Le choc de Lucien Bouchard", La Presse, June 9, 2001, p.A1) an article that made the Prime Minister of the same province, Lucien Bouchard, shed crocodile tears, who did nothing about it. (5)
This child's case is not isolated; According to the Canadian Feed The Children organization, there are more than 100,000 children in the same situation, who in Canada go to school every morning without eating. Let's not talk about the hundreds of people who died in hospital corridors due to lack of medical care precisely due to the budget cuts that the Minister of Finance, Paul Martin, put into effect in 1995 and that also forced the deinstitutionalization of patients mental. Gino Laplante (38), a Canadian homeless, presenting psychiatric problems, of those patients deinstitutionalized by the Quebec government, died of cold in the street, on the morning of Monday, January 18, 2000 under a
temperature of less than 51 degrees Celsuis (6) However, the authors of the document "Protesters against free trade ignore reality" warn us that "their main arguments, [from the protesters] that the world is getting worse every day and that injustices are caused by capitalism, have no theoretical or empirical foundations "
The suffering caused by Paul Martin's budget cuts, if we understand well, are simply dreams, they are not even empirical according to Norberg and Bate, and we are talking about a country whose GDP has been more than 800 billion annually in recent years ( 7). But these cheap academics do not stop there, and from the top of their benches of "academic" authorities they teach us a historical "lesson" by adding: "The proportion of the Third World population that goes hungry has dropped from 37% to 18%
in the last 30 years. "We assume that what they call Third World refers to developing countries whose total population is around one billion inhabitants. Of those inhabitants, thirty years ago, 370 million suffered from hunger (37%). Today, according to the academics in question, "only" 180 million (18%) suffer from this scourge. Thirty years! Do these birds realize that we are talking about the time span of a whole generation in life? of those people? Thirty years and the
problem is still valid. A single person in the world suffering from hunger, when developed countries produce a surplus of food to the point of having the highest rates of heart disease, it is not only a drama, but it is a social and moral aberration of which we are all
collectively responsible. However, for Norberg and Bate, 180 million souls suffering daily the agony of hunger are a simple figure in the column of the accounting credit, consequently for them it is a "success". But let us better leave the Organization for Agriculture and
Food (FAO) respond to these scholars: "Even though the proportion of the world's population in a chronic state of malnutrition has dropped from 37 to 18 percent in the last 30 years, the current number of malnourished people has fallen. from 960 million to 790 million in developing countries. At the same time, there are 34 million malnourished and hungry people in industrialized countries. " A "success"!. (8)
Furthermore, not content with this nauseating garbage fund analysis, they tell us that "Life expectancy in developing countries has increased from 46 years to 65 years since 1960. And, in the same period, infant mortality has dropped. from 18% to 6% "
Well, first of all, we are not talking about the "Third World", or the abhorrent world described by Dickens more than a century ago, but about Canada and the reality that thousands of children and the elderly live in a country belonging to the G8 group. Obviously life expectancy has increased and workers can reach eighty years. But of what use is it if after 65 years of age, when taking retirement, in many cases, they are forced to visit public garbage dumps in search of bottles to sell and thus round off the ends of the month due to the retirement pensions were they reduced by Martin's budget? Situation in a country where GDP growth exceeds 800 billion dollars a year! We can already imagine what is the prolongation of life in developing countries, overwhelmed by the interest of foreign debts already paid more than ten times and where the IMF descends, like a bird of prey, with its
readjustment plans! (9)
And the academics continue adding, as if to strike the final blow of the deep analysis, smelling of the depth of a latrine, of the reality that they observe and with the authority of whoever has invented the wheel: "Tales
Current statistics are better than those of rich countries a century ago "But do the" scholars "realize that they are comparing watermelons with beans? A century ago, if we count from the year two thousand, there was neither radiography nor penicillin. There was quinine, which Europeans used en masse to defeat malaria and conquer Africa, a matter of making a profit. A century ago electricity was only beginning to be used en masse and there was no type of social protection or as it exists today. It is crystal clear, academic estimates, the statistics of industrialized countries must necessarily reflect a different reality a
Let's see. A study by the Institute for Policy Studies, published in United For A Free Economy, reveals that the salaries of the leaders of large corporations increased by 535% in the 1990s against only 32% in the salaries of workers. Which leads to the conclusion that an inequality of this magnitude is a danger to democracy when the salary of these leaders is compared to the salary of politicians. Consequently, it can be observed that there is indeed wealth in the world (10). That wealth not only
It comes from the sale of sausages and hamburgers in industrialized countries, nor from the same sales to developing countries, under the beloved notion of "free markets" with which Nordic scholars gargle. That wealth is stained with blood.
As far as we know the Gripen Saab, is one of the main players in the aerospace and defense industry in the world and manufactures the JAS 39 Gripen fighter jet. As far as we know, this defense conglomerate has its headquarters in no less than Sweden, the same country where the
Instituto Timbro rests its buttocks. The JAS Gripen, if we believe the press release, of March 23, 1998, from the company that makes it…. It is currently being marketed in eight countries: Chile, Brazil, Poland, the Czech Republic, Austria, Hungary, South Africa and the Philippines. Marketing and sales are carried out jointly by Saab and British Aerospace. "On September 15, 1999 (always according to one of SAAB's press releases) South Africa announced the purchase of a package of
air combat aircraft, no less than 28 Gripen and 24 Hawks with options for 19 other Gripen and 12 Hawks. "We are delighted - exclaimed BAE chief executive John Weston, a super-seller of war material since 1970 - with the decision of the South African government and we hope to have a long and
sustained association "We can already imagine how the death merchant drool while rubbing his hands! According to the Bloomberg Agency the price of BAE shares, on July 24, 2001 was $ 517,590 each with a dividend of $ 1.8 .and the value of SAAB's shares rose from $ 94.50 in March 2000 to $ 102.5 in July 2001, which allowed it to accumulate capital, according to the assessment provided by the same company, of US $ 8.3 billion.
The South Africa Council of Churches (SACC) implored Swedish government officials to reconsider this arms sale and asked them to pay "particular attention to the impact of the transaction on peace, security and sustainable development in South Africa, in the South Africa and the entire continent. " But their prayers fell on sterile ground. It should not be forgotten that SAAB is the main partner of British Aerospace, a conglomerate of companies that includes Astrium, Thomson Marconi, STN Atlas,
Alenia Marconi Systems and Airbus. This small British company, sitting on the very ground from which the International Policy Network launches its nauseating macroeconomic morality, is associated with Exostar, another conglomerate that includes Rolls'Royce, Boeing, and Raytheon. It is then worth asking if
perhaps John Weston's salary increased 535% in the last ten years. If so, the salary of this horseman of the Apocalypse would be three times higher than the combined salary of all the presidents and prime ministers of the G8 countries.
The SAAB statement concludes that the deal with South Africa "will generate an increase in domestic sales, exports and will include investments in the industry of that country." The sales of this "space and defense" conglomerate, as an Exostar press release informs us, generates sales of more than $ 400 billion a year. This is a curious dichotomy of countries that call themselves "neutral." Canada is not absent from that lucrative "market" of death. In 1997 this country sold small arms to Argentina, Chile, Guyana, the Philippines, Tanzania and Zambia, all developing countries, in particular from Latin America, whose militarization is alarming and portends, with Plan Colombia at the end head, the definitive confrontation between the United States and the European Community in the Latin American theater for the dominance of the dollar over the euro. It should not be forgotten that the $ 8,000 billion "aid" to Colombia is a military aid whose objective is, not as a fight against drugs is believed, but
a struggle for control of the underground oil bags, exploited or to be exploited, in this country and that the euro begins to circulate as of January 1, 2002 in Europe and Latin America. (11)
But according to the great analysts of Timbro and the International Policy Network, this "reality" must be observed as a beneficial development and progress, both economic and technological. Who was enriched by this technological "transfer", academic gentlemen? Chile? Brazil? Zambia?
Tanzania? Philippines? Would it not be preferable to ask the question differently and ask: are these the wealth produced by foreign "investors" in developing countries? But we believe that
At this point in time, the final question to ask is which of all these trillion-dollar-generating guys finance the macroeconomic "research" of the Timbro Institute academics and
of the International Policy Network? The answer is obvious.
On the other hand, we cannot deny that the Marcos and Estradas in the Philippines, as well as the Suharto in Indonesia, became rich thanks to the "opening" to free trade, attracting foreign "investments" that
created the sweatshops of Singapore and the great delusions of architectural grandeur of Djakarta where, although it is said that the tensions arose from the succession to the presidency, it must not be forgotten that the
Underlying tensions were motivated by the great military pillars that Suharto managed to build to legitimize his own ideology and the enrichment of his family. If Indonesia achieved unparalleled economic growth thanks to the "free market", how do the academic idiots explain, how do you explain that this country has turned from a rice producer into a rice beggar in Asia? Where did the "wealth" go? To say nothing of the exploitation of thousands of children by the arrival of foreign "investors" to Asia attracted by cheap labor (12). It is true, in the 80s and in most of the 90s there was talk not only of the great Asian "miracle" but of the emergence of the "Asian Tigers", Japan, Malaysia, South Korea, Thailand, Singapore, etc. , which effectively recorded annual growth of 8% and which finally turned out to be paper tigers. The beloved "free market" model of the academics in question then served to enrich whom? (13).
Instead of observing the reality that surrounds them, the candid pigeons of the Timbro Institute and the International Policy Network continue to teach us that "according to the study by David Collar and Aart Kraay, of the World Bank, those countries that opened up to international trade obtained growth rates economic growth of 5% a year in the 1990s, while those that remained closed suffered from negative growth rates. " What can be said in the face of so much neoliberal ardor accompanied by recognized sources of information?
Let's see. In the first place, the World Bank, as well as its older brother the International Monetary Fund, is part of those who lock themselves in to make decisions within the framework of "formal discussions", that is, it is part of the problem and not of the solution (14) . Second, as history confirms, when a country opens up to international trade, particularly in the form of a free trade agreement, it has always been the importing country that loses the most. This is the case of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) signed between Canada and the United States. For Canada, loss of jobs, plundering of its natural resources, increased imports and higher prices for energy resources.
Clearly, NAFTA generated wealth, without a doubt, Canada's GDP as proof of that. Yet if we believe the World Bank, that wealth is built on the backs of thousands of workers subjected to elusive, if not non-existent, labor laws. But how do you explain
academics that the conservative government of the prime minister of the province of Ontario (Canada), Mike Harris, attacks the poorest in his province, who form a legion, in a clear example of politically motivated persecution against those abandoned by the wealth produced? Where is that wealth?
In the name of free trade, those who spend their day glued to computers, with their butts in comfortable armchairs, looking at the financial figures that dance on the screens, claim the right to give
academic lessons on economic growth. But the same exercise blinds them to the effects of the same dance of numbers on millions of human beings. What to say, for example, of the situation of children in Africa, denounced by the British organization Christian Aid, which states in its latest report, "Millennium Lottery Who Lives, Who Dies In An Age Of Third World Debt?" that thousands of children on the African continent die as a result of the nefarious economic policies enforced by the Fund
International Monetary Fund (IMF)? Economic policies that are put into practice without discrimination by those responsible in the governments that ask this institution for help. Decisions evidently taken in "formal discussions" (16)
UNICEF recently delivered the study "The world situation of children in 2001", where the appropriate response is found to those who see "reality" through a funnel: "Because poverty is a ruthless enemy. a time of unprecedented global prosperity, according to World Bank estimates, 1.2 billion people, including more than 500 million children, lived in poverty in 1998, on less than $ 1 a day. Poor people, money that could be spent on education, health care and infrastructure improvement goes to debt repayment. Developing countries owe more than $ 2 trillion to the World Bank, the Monetary Fund
International (IMF), other lenders and industrialized countries. Loans aimed at lifting countries out of poverty - an achievement that could be achieved in a generation if that same money were invested today in early childhood development programs - are instead plunging countries further and further into poverty. debt. "As far as we know, neither the Timbro Institute nor the International Policy Work have denied this report, so it follows that they accept its conclusions. (17)
The debts induced by the big bankers force families to send their children to work as a means of rounding off the ends of the month with a second and sometimes a third salary. Duncan Green estimated this workforce at 17.5 million children, ages 5 to 14, forced to work in Latin America and the Caribbean. Where do these children work, academic gentlemen? In the church of the town where they live, in the warehouse on the corner of the street where they used to play? No. In factories created by the beneficial, miraculous and benefactor capital of the "foreign investments" of the new free markets that has found a work environment that lost the meaning of a legal workday, thus turning them into an expendable workforce, which can be exploited, plundered, punished and fired with impunity and in total silence (18).
At the end of the 70s, Chile, under the military boot of General Pinochet, received with open arms the suggestions of those students sent to study at the University of Chicago, from where they received the nickname of the "Chicago boys." These "boys" recommended the opening of Chilean markets to foreign investment and the privatization of retirement funds, which was done almost with the bayonet in the rear. True, Chile's economic growth was, for a decade, more than 5% per year with the flow of money that was generated. But the stupid academics wisely hide the consequences of thousands upon thousands of people who lost their lifetime savings in fraudulent operations out of the thousands.
financial corporations born ad hoc, under the protective umbrella of the dictatorship, to privately "manage" this flow of money.
And what about Argentina that abandoned the buoyancy of the value of its currency and "opened up" to the value of the US dollar, adopting, at the beginning of the 90s, the parity of the peso with the American currency? As far as we know, Argentina is currently suffering one of its most serious economic crises, nicknamed "the tango effect", which could drag down the other MERCOSUR countries. It is true, after the adoption of the parity plan, Argentina reduced inflation by more than 2000% per year to
almost zero. Good for the statistics of academic assholes! But was it beneficial for the 18% -official figures- of unemployed who currently roam the streets of the country?
The old fools tell us, changing the shoulder rifle: "It is not surprising that the developing countries of East Asia were the first to succeed in their transition, becoming industrialized and rich countries." To our knowledge, Japan is located in East Asia, more precisely in what is known as the Asia-Pacific waist. How do you explain that the government of Japan has installed mirrors in subway stations as a measure to reduce the wave of suicides of unemployed employees? The Plaza Accord at the end of the 80s created the bases for a strong yen, which originated a stampede of capital towards Japan where they bought everything they could, that is, assets in the stock exchanges
Japanese companies, which originated an industrial expansion that ate up spaces of land for industrial extensions, driving up the price of land in a meager country that struggles for centimeters of land for housing. The effect reached Malaysia, Indonesia and Southeast Asia, causing an almost unprecedented financial "bubble" in the region (19).
Taking advantage of the euphoria, the Japanese banks lent money left and right to real estate speculators, little money that they naturally could not recover over time and caused the explosion of the economic "bubble" in Japan. Nothing less than a whopping $ 246 billion in debt that the Japanese government must pay today, out of taxpayer money, to sustain confidence in its bank system corrupted to the bone.
Japan's belt tightening affected financial markets in Asia and caused the loss of value of local currencies, throwing millions of people into poverty and hunger. Have these cheap academics never heard of the favelas of Thailand or Indonesia where millions of human beings are crowded, those abandoned by the so enriching economic "new order"? However, Norberg and Bates consider the situation beneficial since it caused the "wealth" of the Asian countries; corruption aside obviously. Are these guys in their right mind? (twenty)
The answer matters little, since they continue to teach us with an analysis of a bottle to numb lactating babies: "The enemies of globalization - they assure with emphasis of great connoisseurs - insist that the market is harmful, but it turns out that the worst problem in the Third World is the lack of capital, technology and knowledge. And the most efficient way to transfer those three requirements for growth is through foreign investment. Investors have transferred to the world in
desarrollo un billón de dólares (un trillón en inglés) en la última década, suma mayor que toda la ayuda extranjera desde la Segunda Guerra."
¡Profundo análisis! Comencemos por lo más simple, la falta de "capital". ¿Pero de qué sirve el capital extranjero si no produce nada? Al menos así lo estiman Barry Bosworth y Susan Collins de la Brookings Institution en Washington, en un estudio empírico de los flujos de capital hacia 58 países en desarrollo entre 1978 y 1995, intitulado "Capital Flows to Developing Economies: Implications for Saving and Investment" llegando a la conclusión que el capital caliente que llega a los países en desarrollo es estéril (21).
En cambio, el latinoamericano que reside en los Estados Unidos, en Europa o en Japón se ha convertido en una pieza clave para el crecimiento económico de sus respectivos países de origen. Un reciente estudio del Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo (BID) revela que el volumen de dinero que los inmigrantes latinoamericanos envían a sus países de origen supera los US$20.000 millones al año. El monto de divisas extranjeras enviadas por estos trabajadores supera ampliamente los flujos de ayuda oficial entregados
por países donadores a los países en desarrollo. La suma de los dineros a veces representa hasta el 10% del PIB nacional en ciertos casos (22).
Como se percibe, a través de ese cándido discurso académico, Norberg y Bates desearían ver naturalmente un aumento del dinero caliente, aquel manejado por los fondos de cubertura (hedge funds), fondos especuladores que se amparan de los mercados financieros de un país para sacar, a cortísimo plazo, el máximo de beneficios para el especulador y abandonándolo, tan inopinadamente como llegaron, sin dejar beneficio alguno para el país, comerciando así sin vergüenza alguna con la miseria. Ese fue el caso de la
crisis del peso mexicano en 1994-1995, que lanzó lo que se conoció como el "efecto tequila", la desvalorización del peso mexicano debido al rápido retiro de "capitales calientes" (23). Evidentemente, estimados académicos, que el arribo de dinero quedó registrado en las cifras oficiales, lo que
permite decir a los débiles de espíritu que los "inversionistas han transferido al mundo en desarrollo un billón de dólares (un trillón en inglés) en la última década, suma mayor que toda la ayuda extranjera desde
la Segunda Guerra". Evidente también que hubo traspaso de capitales – a los mercados financieros- y luego fueron retirados sin producir un solo empleo y sin tener en cuenta la miseria que ocasionaban. Sin embargo para Norberg y Bates este comportamiento especulativo en los mercados financieros no sólo es saludable, sino que también "enriquecedor". ¿Enriquecedor para quién? En lo que concierne al África, 37% de los fondos privados de ciudadanos africanos están depositados en el extranjero. Debido a esto Kofi Annan,
secretario general de las Naciones Unidas, exigió la repatriación de esos fondos adquiridos ilícitamente y transferidos por dirigentes y funcionarios corrompidos. No hay que olvidar que esos fondos se originaron durante el proceso de "enriquecimiento" de los países africanos que se abrieron al "libre mercado" tan amado de los académicos del Instituto Timbro y del International Policy Network, dinero indudablemente teñido de sangre humana, en particular aquel poseído por las elites africanas de Nigeria, uno de los
países en donde la corrupción de la elite gobernante es legendariamente famosa y sin embargo los grandes bancos occidentales esconden los crímenes de estas elites con la modestia y confidencialidad que requiere el valor del dinero ya que las fortunas de varias elites africanas corrompidas son invertidas en Europa, en Canadá y en los Estados Unidos. ¿Qué dice el Instituto Timbro y el International Policy Network acerca de estos "enriquecimientos", fruto del "libre comercio" y de la mundialización? (24)
En segundo lugar, los "inteligentes" del Instituto Timbro y del International Policy Network nos sirven el argumento, que raya en la xenofobia, de la falta de "tecnología y de conocimiento". En otras palabras,
de ese discurso se desprende que los países en desarrollo están llenos de tarados mentales que no han sido, no son y no serán nada sin el extraordinario conocimiento de los países desarrollados. Respondan una
simple pregunta los "inteligentes": ¿Quién desarrolló el virus "I Love You" que paralizó los ordenadores de algunos gigantes de la informática americana? ¿Un escandinavo o un británico blanco, alto, rubio de ojos
azules, hablando un idioma que nadie comprende, miembro de una raza elegida y poseedor de un know-how extraterrestre? No. Fue un simple estudiante de ingeniería trabajando en un sótano de una callejuela en las Filipinas. Con veinte individuos como ése trabajando al unísono y los países desarrollados quedan relegados al estado de homínidos en la era de la tecnología informática (25). Permitan recordarles, señores académicos, que Microsoft, el gigante americano de los ordenadores, está lleno de ingenieros en
informática de origen hindú, así como también la Silicon Valley. ¿Y qué decir de la batalla que opuso Bombardier, el gigante de la aerospacial canadiense, a la empresa aeronáutica Embraer, de Brasil? Bombardier siempre reclamó que las firmas con apoyo gubernamental deberían ser tenidas al margen de las ofertas de compra de aeronaves, porque los precios ofrecidos se sitúan bajo el nivel de los mercados (26). Cosa curiosa en este discurso de "libre mercado", Bombardier pidió ayuda financiera al gobierno de Canadá
para asegurarse el contrato de la venta de aviones a Northwest. Nada menos que la friolera de CAN$87 millones. Bombardier fue el principal proveedor de fondos a la campaña del Partido liberal de Canadá, partido que actualmente forma el gobierno y el dinero lo recibió libre de intereses! Como consecuencia Brasil y Chile firmaron un acuerdo para construir las aeronaves de Embraer y nadie puede negar que juntos se convertirán en feroces concurrentes de Bombardier en los mercados internacionales. Pero Norberg y
Bates con una información obtenida seguramente en el medioevo, estiman que en esos países no hay ni cerebros ni tecnología (27)
No hablemos de Pakistán, quien junto con la India, la China e Irak nos hacen erizar los cabellos con su poder nuclear. No hablemos de la Argentina quien, gracias a su ex presidente Carlos Menem, hoy día bajo arresto domiciliario, se dio el lujo de vender armas a diestra y siniestra. La Argentina es uno de los tantos productores de armas del mundo y no sufre de falta de cerebros, como lo dejan suponer Norberg y Bate. La Argentina, así como el resto de los países en desarrollo, sufren en primer lugar del carcoma del pago de
intereses de las deudas exteriores ya pagadas diez veces y de las altas sumas de dinero que deben pagar en royalties por tecnología prestada, no transferida. Sufren de la fuga de divisas extranjeras por la compra de
armas. Y sufren además del otro carcoma, que los majaderos aficionados a la macroeconomía mundial no ven, estos países sufren de la falta de mercados que no se abren para ellos.
Los Norberg y Bates del mundo lo único que desean es que los países en desarrollo abran sus puertas al saqueo del pequeño asalariado, por los vendedores de pacotilla tipo Amway en el nombre de la "libertad de
mercados", pero guardan un silencio cómplice frente al proteccionismo comercial que practican tanto Suecia como Gran Bretaña y los otros países, conocidos como "desarrollados" ¿Cómo explican estos aturdidos que Europa haya impuesto cuotas a la venta de bananas del Ecuador? ¿Cómo explican estos aturdidos que los americanos impongan cuotas a la exportación de carne de vacuno producida en Uruguay? ¿Cómo explican que aviones fabricados en Brasil no puedan ser vendidos en otros países que han "abrazado" el "libre
mercado"? El "libre mercado", entonces, ¿es libre para quién? Cuando respondan les rogamos que no nos sirvan el argumento de la Organización Internacional del Comercio (OIC), no olvidemos que es otra organización que mantiene sus "discusiones formales" a puertas cerradas (28).
El Instituto Timbro y el International Policy Network son dos organizaciones cuya misión es "compartir el intercambio de ideas de intelectuales y de otros interesados en cuestiones de políticas públicas, en particular
aquellas que tienen un alcance internacional y de modelar la opinión pública en favor de la libertad económica, creencia en el futuro, en la razón y en los valores morales de una sociedad abierta". En otras palabras el mundo según la libre empresa. Consecuentemente y por extensión son organismos financiados por las grandes empresas suecas y británicas (29) No solamente son "intelectuales" financiados por las grandes empresas, sino que forman parte de esa casta que se cree tan privilegiada como para imponer sus puntos de vista como siendo el único punto de vista, o más bien dicho, el único filtro a través del cual se debe observar "la realidad". Otros dirían que es para imponer el "nuevo orden económico". En junio de 1999 en la reunión Bilderberger en Baden Baden, Alemania, otra "discusión formal", David Rockefeller, presidente de la Chase Manhattan Bank, expresaba así su euforia de miembro de esa raza elegida que debe imponer el "nuevo orden económico" : "We are grateful to the Washington Post, the New York Times, Time Magazine
and other great publications whose directors have attended our meetings and respected their promises of discretion for almost forty years . It would have been impossible for us to develop our plan for the world if we had been subjected to the lights of publicity during those years. But, the World is more sophisticated and prepared to march towards a World government. The supranational sovereignty of an intellectual elite and world bankers is surely preferable to the national auto-determination practiced in past centuries." (Le estamos agradecidos al Washington Post, al New York Times, Time Magazine y a las otras grandes publicaciones cuyos directores han asistido a nuestras reuniones y que han respetado la promesa de discreción
durante casi cuarenta años… Nos habría sido imposible de desarrollar nuestro plan para el mundo durante todos esos años si hubiéramos estado expuestos a la luz pública. Pero el Mundo es mucho más sofisticado y está preparado para marchar hacia un Gobierno mundial. La Soberanía supranacional de una elite intelectual y de banqueros mundiales es ciertamente preferible a la autodeterminación nacional practicada en los últimos siglos.") (30) Este esperanto de la libre empresa significa simplemente, traducido a un idioma entendible: "modelar la opinión pública en favor de la libertad económica, creencia en el futuro, en la razón y en los valores morales de una sociedad abierta". Vale decir, la escala de valores del banquero.
Cuando "académicos" pagados por las grandes empresas se libran al ejercicio de "modelar" la opinión pública con un análisis simplista de la compleja realidad económica que nos rodea, en forma tan alegre y superficial como lo hacen Norberg y Bate, no sólo demuestran la candidez del académico, sino que, negando en forma tácita los millones de personas fallecidas por la aplicación de un modelo económico desigual, cometen un acto abyecto de lesa majestad y se hacen cómplices de un crimen contra la humanidad. Lo que
Eduardo S. Barcesat, catedrático de la Facultad de Leyes de la Universidad de Buenos Aires, refiriéndose al pago de la deuda externa de la Argentina, calificó de genocidio económico (31)
Sin embargo estos "académicos" se admiran de que miles de personas lapiden a los que se reúnen en "discusiones formales", en circunstancias que esos individuos, encerrados en sus torres de marfil, no hacen otra cosa que atacarse a grupos bien definidos de nuestra sociedad en un acto de abierta persecución contra el débil. La segregación económica a la cual esos grupos sociales son sometidos no tiene que un nombre: persecución criminal. Ya que si grupos específicos y claramente identificables de nuestra sociedad son víctimas de persecución motivada por razones puramente económicas los responsables de esas
persecuciones deberán responder de sus acciones, porque en virtud de la Sección 7, artículo 3.76 del Código Criminal de Canadá, la persecución es un crimen contra la humanidad.
Firme la petición del CCCCH
Montreal, julio de 2001
*Bruce Katz y René Silva: Presidente y Director, respectivamente, del Comité Canadiense para Combatir los Crímenes Contra la Humanidad (CCCCH).